Rio de Janeiro: The City of Carnival, Beaches and Samba
Famous for sandy beaches, samba, football, Rio de Janeiro is also known as the Marvelous City or “Cidade Maravilhosa”. Located on the South Atlantic coast of Brazil, the capital city of Rio is also the second-largest in terms of population. The vibrant city of Rio de Janeiro is blessed with the swarming tourist attraction of Brazil’s for more than decades due to its picturesque cityscape. Famous for its annual carnival and beach culture, the city of Rio is the most colorful and frequented Brazilian cities for tourists from all over the world.
Rio was first populated by the Portuguese as a step to fortify their presence on the mainland against French privateers who had a stronghold on the trafficking of wood and goods from Brazil. The Portuguese fought the French for approximately 10 years. That said, the present-day harbor of Rio de Janeiro is surrounded by spectacular geographic formations such as Corcovado peak, Sugar Loaf Mountain, and hills of Tijuca; these together make Rio’s expansive coastline and harbor truly remarkable.
Sugar Loaf Mountain
The mountains are one of the most popular attractions to be found in Rio de Janeiro, with a height of 396 meters above the sea level. It rises straight above from the sea level and is mainly composed of quartz and granite. The cable car is the best option to reach the top of the mountain. It can carry 75 passengers per trip and it starts after every 30 minutes. To reach the peak of Sugar Loaf Mountain (at a staggering height of 396 meters), the cable car carries passengers in two stages. In first stage tourists reach at Urca Hill which is 220 meters high above the sea level. From there one can have the spectacular view of the Niteroi Bridge, Corcovado Mountain, and Guanabara Bay. One can buy souvenirs and snacks in between the waiting for the next ride. The second cable car from the Urca hills takes tourist at the peak which is another 396 meter high.
The Corcovado is a 710-meter granite peak, located just west of the city center and it is known as the 38-meter statue of Jesus. It attracts approximately 300,000 visitors per year.
The stadium is one of the important landmarks as it gives the sense of national obsession, it is one of the highest capacity football venues and can accommodate nearly 200,000 people at a time but due to security measures, the seating capacity has been reduced to 80,000 spectators at a time.
Janeiro Botanical Garden
There is another tourist attraction called Janeiro Botanical Garden or Jardim Botanico having more than 8,000 species of plants and garden also includes a number of monuments, fountains and a pond filled with water and other attractions include Selaron Steps, Santa Teresa and much more.
Best Time to Visit
December and March, when the weather is warm and sunny enough to hit the beaches, is the best time to see the Rio because the most spectacular events like Reveillon and carnival – take place during summer, from December to March. Getting the affordable hotel during the festive season is getting a little bit difficult because the price gets inflated during these months.