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Prague Travel Guide

Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. Prague means 'Mother of Cities.' Situated on the Vltava River in central Bohemia, the city of Prague is very rich in history and lies in the heart of Europe. It is also the home to Charles Bridge, Wenceslas Square, and the Vltava River. It has rich artistic and cultural heritage which is reflected in its splendid art noveau architecture. Prague was the permanent seat of two Holy Roman Emperors was also the capital of the Holy Roman Empire. Prague's population is about 1.3 million while the metropolitan area is estimated to have a population of over 1.9 million.

The climate is changeable with warm, wet summers and cold cloudy winters, often with snow. The average January temperature is 30 degrees F (-1 degrees C) and the average July temperature is 63 degrees F (17 degrees C). Average annual rainfall is 19.3 inches (490 mm). December, January, and February are the coldest month where you will mostly find snow in the mountains. July, August, and September are the hottest months of summer and also the time when Prague gets most of its rainfall. Autumn begins from September onwards. It is much cooler and pleasant compared to summer.

Prague is known as the 'City of Spires' thanks to the hundreds of spires reaching towards the sky from the onion-domed towers, churches, and synagogues. Its history goes into great depth and the city is known for having the largest ancient castle in the world, the Prague Castle. The Prague Castle rests amongst other countless cultural treasures in Prague's possession, attracting millions of tourists every year. The castle also serves as the political office for the Kings of Bohemia, Holy Roman Emperors, and presidents of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic.

The Old Town Square is the oldest and most important square in Prague, dating from the 12th century. It includes numerous historical buildings and monuments, and also the home of the famous Astronomical Clock. The other side is the famous Charles Bridge, which was one of the several bridges over the Vltava River. Its construction started in the 14th century and is Prague's most beautiful attractions. Between 1683 and 1928, 30 statues of saints were placed along the bridge.

The Wenceslas Square is one of the main city squares in Prague. Perhaps called the true center of Prague, many historical events occurred there, particularly demonstrations, celebrations, and other public gatherings. The square is named after Saint Wenceslas, the patron saint of Bohemia. In December, the square is abuzz with the spirit of the city's Christmas Market, thus the popular Christmas carol 'Good King Wenceslas' was derived.

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