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Nanjing Travel Guide

Nanjing is the capital of Jiangsu Province in China, with a prominent place in Chinese history and culture. It lies on the south bank of the Yangtze River and is considered as one of the most delightful Chinese cities. It is also known as the 'Capital City of Six or Ten Dynasties' in China's history and is listed as one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China. Nanjing is also serves as a national hub of education, research, transportation, and tourism. Nanjing's famous attractions are the Confucius Temple, Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum, Dr. Sun Yat-Sen's Mausolem, and the Qin Huai River.

The City of Nanjing's population has reached 6.24 million in 2000. The population was made up predominantly by Han nationality (98.56%). The second and third largest minority groups were Manchu and Zhuang nationalities.

Nanjing has a distinct season, with usually hot summer and plenty of rainfall throughout the year. The average annual temperature is about 60 F (15 C). Mid-June to July is the rain period. Known as one of the three hottest cities in China, the high temperature in July is 82.9 degrees F (28.3 degrees C) and the low temperature is 37.4 degrees F (3 degrees C). The average annual rainfall is 41.8 inches (1,062 mm).

Nanjing is well known for its ancient temples, one of which is the Confucius Temple located in front of the Qin Huai River. It was originally constructed in 1034 during the Song Dynasty. The temple was devoted to the memory of Confucius and the sages and philosophers of Confucianism. In 1937, the temple has suffered the most destruction when it was burnt by Japanese aggressors and it was rebuilt under the local government's support in 1984. The Qin Huai River is a branch of the great Yangtze River. The river is about 68 miles in length and said that it was channeled to the city of Nanjing during the reign of Emperor Qin Si Huang. Originally called the Huai River, Qin Huai River is the largest river in Nanjing and is the 'life blood' of the city.

The city is also for known its elegant and historical mausoleums. The Mian Xiaoling Mausoleum is one of the biggest imperial tombs in China. It is the tomb of the Hongwu Emperor, who was the found of the Ming Dynasty. The mausoleum is located in the eastern part of Nanjing's historical center and the tomb lies at the southern foot of Zhongshan (Purple) Mountain. The construction of the mausoleum began in 1381 when the Hongwu Emperor was alive and was completed in 1431. The name of the mausoleum was derived when in 1384, Queen Ma died and was buried there, and Emperor Chengzu bestowed upon her the title 'Queen of Xiao Ci' which means 'Queen of Filial Piety and Kindness.'

Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum is situated at the foot of the second peak of Zhongshan (Purple) Mountain. The construction of the tomb began in 1926 and was finished in 1929. This mausoleum built for Dr. Sun Yat-sen, the 'Father of the Republic of China,' was considered the Holy land of Chinese people.

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