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Athens Travel Guide

Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. It also dominates as one of the world's oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning around 3,500 years. The city with the most glorious history in the world, worshipped by gods and people, Athens is a magical city and has always been the birthplace for civilization. Athens was the host city of the first modern-day Olympic Games in 1896 and also the Summer Olympics in 2004, after 108 years. The city has also given the world three of the greatest philosophers known to mankind: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.

The official population of Athens is 750,000 (city) and 3.8 million in the metropolitan areas. Sources say that throughout its long history, Athens has had many different population levels, due the undefined number of unregistered immigrants originating mainly from Albania, other Eastern European countries, and Pakistan.

Athens experiences a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, with extremely long periods of sunshine throughout the year and greatest amounts of precipitation during mid-October to mid-April. Spring and autumn are considered the ideal seasons for tourists to visit for its wonderful sightseeing and all kinds of outdoor activities. Visitors should avoid visiting the city during the months of July and/or August for Athens is notorious for its heatwaves, with temperatures soaring over 100 degrees F (38 degrees C). The average winter temperature is 49 degrees F (9 degrees C), while the average summer temperature is 82 degrees F (27 degrees C). The most precipitation is about 15 inches (381 mm).

Athens has been a popular destination for tourists due to its very rich historical facts and also for its architectural beginnings. The Parthenon is a temple in Athens dedicated to the Greek goddess, Athena. It is the most important surviving building in Greece and regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece and of Athenian Democracy. It was also one of the world's greatest cultural monuments. The Acropolis, 'the Sacred Rock' of Athens, is one of the most recognizable monuments in the world. It was a flat-topped tock that rises 490ft above sea level in the city of Athens. It was also known as Cecropia, after the first Athenian King, Cecrops (serpent-man). It was also the site of the Dionysus Theatre, where the works of Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripedes, and Aristophanes were first performed.

The Temple of Olympian Zeus, also known as the Olympieion, is a Greco-Roman temple in the center of Athens that was dedicated to Zeus, king of the Olympian gods. Construction began in the 6th century BC but was not completed until the reign of Roman Emperor Hadrian in 2nd century AD. During the Roman periods, it was known as the largest temple in Greece and housed one of the largest cult statues in the ancient world.

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