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Rome Travel Guide

Rome is the main capital of Italy and the country's most populated city with over 2.7 million residents. This is also one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe. Visitors from around the world come to this city for their remarkable landmarks such as the Pantheon, the Forum, and the Colosseum. .

Rome is located in the Lazio region of Italy on the Tiber river. The geography of this city was characterized by relatively steep hills on the left bank of the Tiber river, at the point where the river flowed around a small island was well as branching out into the marshy areas between the hills. The Rome of the Kings was built on seven hills: the Aventine Hill, Caelian Hill, Capitoline Hill, Esquiline Hill, Palatine Hill, Quirinal Hill, and the Viminal Hill. .

The city enjoys a Mediterranean climate. Spring and autumn are mild to warm, sunny and warm during the month of October. During August, the temperature exceeds up to 86 degrees F (30 degrees C), for which attracts low tourist visitations. Snowfalls can occur during the month of December, January, and February, while from May to October is generally the summer season. However, the temperature readings during the months of April and November are transitional. December, January, February, and March is the coldest months, with average temperature of 55 degrees F (13 degrees C) during the day and 38 degrees F (3 degrees C) at night. .

Rome is mostly the popular destination site among tourists for its rich landmarks. One of which is the Pantheon. The Pantheon (Temple of all the Gods) was constructed in 125 AD as a Greek temple. This beautifully architected building was designed to support the weight of its huge dome. The hole in the center of the dome called Oculus, provide light into the building. This is one of the greatest spiritual buildings of the world. .

The Roman Forum is located between the Palatine Hill and Capitoline Hill of Rome. Some of the oldest and most important structures of the ancient city were located in or near the Forum. The Forum was the heart of the Roman Empire and the center for commerce, politics, and social life. Many of the Forum's temples date to the period of the kingdom, most were destroyed. Tourists can still see this historical location by either train or bus service.

Another famous Roman attraction is the Colosseum. It was one of Rome's most distinctive landmarks and was built during 1st century AD. It is considered to be one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering. It was originally called the Flavian Amphitheatre, the Colosseum was designed as an elliptical amphitheatre to feature fight combats between gladiators and wild animals. The Colosseum is receiving millions of tourists annually for its marvelous preservation of its architecture.

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