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Munich Travel Guide

Munich is the capital city of Bavaria, which is the largest state in Germany. It is located on the Isar River north of the Bavarian Alps. The city's name was derived from the monks of the Benedictine order who founded the city. Munich is well known for its architecture and world famous Oktoberfest.

Munich has a city population of 1.35 million and metropolitan population of 2.4 million, making Munich the third largest populous city in Germany, after Berlin and Hamburg. Out of the 1.35 million city's population, around 300,000 of those do not obtain a German citizenship. Lots of foreign nationals immigrated to Munich and two of the largest foreign groups were Turks and Albanians. About 47.4% of its inhabitants are not affiliated with any religious group while 38.3% of them are Roman Catholic.

The climate in Munich is described as continental; meaning that since the city is located on the northern edge of the Alps, the chances of precipitation is high. Rain storms come violently and unexpectedly. Temperature range between the day and night or summer and winter can be extreme. Munich experiences cold winters and lasts from December to March. However, heavy rainfall is rarely seen. Summer in Munich is from May until September. The average January temperature is 34 degrees F (1 degrees C) while the average July temperature is 73 degrees F (23 degrees C). The average annual rainfall is 36 inches (91 cm).

The city of Munich has a lot to offer in terms of tourism. Architecture is the main key of their tourism for it symbolizes Germany's rich history. The Deutsches Museum (German Museum) is the world's largest science and technology museum. Founded in 1903, this museum draws approximately 1.5 million visitors every year. The Deutsches Museum is located on a small island in the Isar River.

The second largest collection in Germany is also found in Munich at the State Museum of Ethology. The building was constructed from 1589-1865 by Maximilianstrasse, adverse to the Bavarian National Museum. The collection of objects started in 1868 and the first collectors were the members of Wittelsbach dynasty. Currently, the State Museum of Ethnology has a collection of 200,000 objects.

Outside Munich on the northwest was the first Nazi concentration camp in Germany, the Dachau concentration camp. The camp was opened in 1933 as the first regular concentration camp established by the Nazi Party. It became a central camp for prisoners, particularly the Christians and the Jews.

When you think of Munich, you think of beer. Oktoberfest is the most well known annual event in Munich. It is a 16-day festival started back in 1810 to celebrate the marriage of Prince Ludwig of Bavaria and Princess Therese of Sachsen-Hildburghausen. The beer concept was started in 1896 when businessmen working with the brewery built the first giant beer tents. Attended by six million people every year, hundreds of thousands liter of beer are poured every year,drinking has been pretty much the focus of Oktoberfest.

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