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Jaipur Travel Guide

Jaipur is the capital of Rajasthan, the largest state in India. Built by Sawai Jai Singh in the the 18th century, Jaipur was India's first planned city and has become India's major tourist attraction. Jaipur is also known as the 'Pink City' for its distinctively colorful buildings that surrounds the city in order to imitate Mughal's red sandstone architecture. Jaipur's population is about 2.3 million in 2001 but not it was believed that the population increased rapidly to 5.2 million.

The city of Jaipur has a semi-arid climate meaning that rainfall occurs every June and September each year. The temperatures are relatively high during the summer and monsoon rains are frequent, heavy and thunderstorms also occur. Winter months are mild and pleasant but there are some occasional cold temperatures that go near freezing point. The average summer temperature is 86 degrees F (30 degrees C) and the average winter temperature is 59-64 degrees F (15-18 degrees C). About 26 inches (650 mm) of precipitation is receiving annually.

Tourism is a significant part of Jaipur's economy for this city is well known for its forts monuments reflecting India's past. Also, some of the world's best hotels are located in Jaipur. One of the popular tourist spot in Jaipur is the Amber Fort. This fort was named not because of its yellow color, but after the town of Amber, after its goddess Amba. The fort has a unique artistic style, combining Hindu and Muslim elements.

Jaipur's City Palace seats the Maharaja of Jaipur and also includes the other well-known structures, Chandra Mahal and Mubarak Mahal. Built by Maharaja Jai Singh II, the City Palace occupies nearly one-seventh of Jaipur and it was divided into courtyards, gardens, and buildings. The Chandra Mahal is the most commanding building in the City Palace. It houses the present Maharajah of Jaipur. For a seven-storied building, visitors are only allowed to enter and explore the ground floor where the museum is located. The museum exhibits carpets, manuscripts, and other items belonged to the royal family. The Chandra Mahal also shows the flag of the royal family waving around the City Palace. The Mubarak Mahal houses the textile museum that displays the royal family costumes, pashminas, and saris. Mubarak Mahal means 'Auspicious Palace' and was built through the combination of Islamic, Rajput, and European architecture by Maharaja Madho Singh II in the 19th century.

The Jal Mahal is located in the middle of Man Sagar Lake in Jaipur. Meaning the 'Water Palace,' this Rajput style architecture palace is only accessible by boat. Currently, the Jal Mahal neither is uninhabited nor maintained therefore there were no tourist visitations occurred because of the pollution on the lake due to the sewage flow from the city. The Rajasthan government is on the process of restoring the lake to undo the ecological damage it has done in order to bring back and welcome the tourists back to this landmark.

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