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Hanoi Travel Guide

Hanoi is the capital of Vietnam and has been the country's political center from 1010 until 1802. The city is located on the right bank of the Red River and city's name was given by King Minh Mang in 1831, where Ha means 'river' and Noi means 'within.' The city served as a capital of French Indochina from 1902-1954 and later became the capital of North Vietnam from 1954-1976. Today, Hanoi is now the leader of scientific study and research in Vietnam and one of the country's fastest tourist destinations.

The city population of Hanoi is 6.5 million, making it the second largest city in Vietnam. It is also a homogenous city with the Vietnamese people is divided into 54 different ethnic minorities. Hanoi has a large population of Hoa (Overseas Chinese) and the other 52 are scattered over Vietnam.

The city experiences a typical climate where summers are hot and humid and winters are relatively cool and dry. The majority of rainfall that occurs every year happens during the summer months from May to September. In spring, flowers tend to become beautiful during this time. The weather is starting to warm up with light rain coming on and off. The average January temperature is 62 degrees F (17 degrees C) while the average July temperature is 85 degrees F (29 degrees C). The average days of precipitation can go up to 169 days.

Hanoi is considered to be one of Vietnam's cultural centers since it has been the country's capital for almost 1,000 years. The Temple of Literature is the most famous landmark in Hanoi. Founded in 1070 as a Confucian temple, the Temple of Literature functioned as Vietnam's first university institution. The temple features stone tablets with the names of the graduates, each mounted on the back of a tortoise.

The One Pillar Pagoda is one of the tourist attractions in Hanoi that visitors have mixed reaction to it. Built by Emperor Ly Thai Tong, this historic Buddhist temple is one of Vietnam's most iconic temples. The temple is built in wood on a single stone pillar, designed to resemble a lotus blossom, which symbolizes purity in Buddhism.

The National Museum of Vietnamese History is one of Hanoi's most popular museums focusing on collecting Vietnamese history starting from 1,000 years ago until 1945. Formerly known as the Far East Research Institute, this building was completed in 1932 designed by Ernest Hebrard, combining both aspects of French colonial and traditional Vietnamese architecture.

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