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Buenos aires Travel Guide

Buenos Aires is the capital and largest city of Argentina. Buenos Aires means 'Fair Winds' and is also one of the largest cities in Latin America. People from Buenos Aires are referred to as portenos, meaning 'people of the port.' Even though Buenos Aires doesn't have an iconic monument to represent the city, it has many places filled with intimate details, tiny events, and rich historical and cultural heritage.

In 2001, Buenos Aires' city population is 3 million and 13 million in the metropolitan area. 88.9% of Buenos Aires' population is White, 7% Mestizo (mixed European and Amerindian ancestry), 2% Asian, and 1% Black (Afro Argentine).

The city experiences a humid subtropical climate where the heaviest rain falls during autumn and spring and has hot summer months in December, January, and February. The average January temperature is 78 degrees F (25 degrees C) and the average July temperature is 52 degrees F (11 degrees C). Annuall rainfall for Buenos Aires is 45 inches (1,147 mm).

Tourism has been growing in Buenos Aires due to is favourable climate and its easy accessibility. It has been regarded as the 'Paris of South America.' The city offers elegant architecture, good cuisine, nightlife, and shopping. Plaza de Mayo is main square and the center of downtown Buenos Aires. The plaza has been the focal point of Buenos Aires and Argentinian politics. Its name was derived from the commemoration of the May Revolution of 1810 that started the process towards Argentina's independence from Spain in 1816. Some of the city's major landmarks can be found at this plaza such as the Cabildo, the Casa Rosada, and the current city hall.

Another famous attraction is the La Recoleta Cemetery located in the Recoleta neighborhoos of Buenos Aires. This cemetery was a church graveyard until it became opened to the public by the Governor in 1822. The La Recoleta Cemetery lies the graves of some of the most influential and important Argentinians, such as Eva Peron and Raul Alfonsin.

The La Manzana de las Luces is a 17th century architecture and a historic block in Buenos Aires. Manzana de las Luces is a Spanish word meaning 'Illuminating Block' which features the San Ignacio Church and Colegio Nacional Buenos Aires. This historical block began in 1675 with the construction of the church and the Colegio de la Compana by the Jesuit monks.

The Casa Rosada is a Buenos Aires landmark representing the executive branch of the government of Argentina and also serves as the President's office. The Casa Rosada is located at the eastern end of Plaza de Mayo and this institution has been surrounded by many of the most political figures of both Buenos Aires and Argentina.

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