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Amsterdam Travel Guide

Amsterdam is the capital and largest city of the Netherlands. It is located in the province of North Holland in the west of the country. The city is known for its impressive architecture, lovely canals, great shopping, and friendly people. The name Amsterdam is derived from Amstellerdam: a dam in the river Amstel. The city is also the financial and cultural capital of the Netherlands. Amsterdam's main attraction includes the Rijksmuseum, the Van Gogh Museum, Stedelijk Museum, and Anne Frank House, and many cannabis coffee shops that draw more than 3.66 million international visitors annually.

Amsterdam's population is 1.36 million (city) and 6.7 million (metropolitan), making it the sixth-largest metropolitan area in Europe. With 176 different nationalities settling in this city, Amsterdam is home to one of the widest varieties of nationalities of any city in the world.

Amsterdam enjoys a cool oceanic climate. Winter temperatures are cool to mild and summers are moderately warm but rarely hot. The air is relatively humid and fog is common in autumn and spring. The warmest weather is from June to August and there are stronger winds from October to March. The average January temperature is 38 degrees F (3 degrees C) while the average July Temperature is 62 degrees F (17 degrees C). The average annual precipitation is 32.1 inches (81 cm).

Amsterdam is a main attraction in Europe for the city is beautiful and the streets are not crowded with cars. Some of the city's most visited attraction is the Rijksmuseum. The Rijksmuseum is the largest and most prestigious museum for art and history in the Netherlands. Works by Vermeer, Rembrandt, and other Dutch masters are displayed in this museum. You'll also find works from the Middle Ages and the 18th and 9th centuries, collections of silver and delftware ceramics, old doll's houses and Asian art.

The Van Gogh Museum is a museum dedicated to Vincent van Gogh, a late 19th century Dutch painter. You'll enjoy the world's largest collection of Van Gogh's, including paintings, drawings, and letters. Some of his famous paintings displayed in the museum are Sunflowers and Potato Eaters and Starry Night. The museum also has a large collection of works by some of Van Gogh's contemporaries and friends like Gaugin and Toulouse-Lautrec.

The Stedelijk Museum strives to be the one of the most innovative and interesting museums of modern art in the world. The museum opened in 1895 and along with all big names of modern painting movements as Impressionists, Fauvism, Cubism, Expressionism, and unique collection of 29 paintings by Casimir Malevich, it drew controversies for its artistic chose, policy, and financial decisions. Currently, Stedelijk is planned to reopen in September 2011.

The Anne Frank House is a museum dedicated to Anne Frank, a Jewish girl who kept a diary while hiding from Nazi persecution. Located in the west of the Dam Square and the old city center, the Anne Frank House was opened in May 3, 1960 and it contains an exhibition on the life of Anne Frank but also highlights other forms of persecution and discrimination.

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